From 5 to 16 June 1972, the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment (UNCHE) was held in Stockholm. This conference was subsequently referred to as the 1972 Stockholm Conference.
Birth of environmental protection
During this conference, the environment was addressed as a major international issue for the first time. On this occasion, the need to better manage non-renewable resources, to protect the environment and to implement national and international governance mechanisms for the environment was also recognised.
The principles for sustainable development were created and this conference was called the first Earth Summit.
The Stockholm Conference resulted in a Declaration of 26 Principles, specific objectives accompanied by a plan of action and the creation of the United Nations Programme for the Environment (UNPE).
The leaders of countries present also agreed to meet at an Earth Summit every ten years.
The United Nations Programme for the Environment was created in 1972, during the first Earth Summit. © UNPE