Ecomobility, or sustainable mobility, is a policy for developing and managing local areas and cities that supports practical, low pollution, environmentally friendly mobility, as well as the living environment.
Fields of ecomobility
Sustainable mobility concerns town planning, infrastructure and the organisation of the transport network, as well as technological applications or even awareness raising and education of the population.
Ecomobility rests therefore on the application and development of organisational principles and technologies that favour alternative, 'soft' forms of mobility (walking, bike), public transport and the reduction of pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions.
In concrete terms, ecomobility entails, amongst other actions:
- concentration of an urban space with mixed activities;
- construction of tramways, cycle paths, smart networks, electricity charging terminals…;
- streamlining public transport and making it more reliable;
- encouraging mixed-mode travel (train, tramway, vehicle, bike, etc.);
- implementation of urban mobility plans and business mobility plans;
- increase of clean vehicle fleet (electric vehicles, hybrid vehicles, biofuel…);
- awareness raising and education of the population (fuel efficient driving, sharing the road, etc.).
An example of ecomobility: the Vélib system and its infrastructure in the city of Paris. © Grégoire Macqueron CC by-nc-sa 2.0