Artificial selection is a process that consists of deliberately cross breeding organisms that have the characteristics (e.g. colour, taste, productivity) one wishes to perpetuate.
Artificial selection is used in farming to create plant and animal species that are currently grown and raised to produce food and other products (textiles, flavouring, etc.). This is also the method that was used to create household pets and horticultural plants.
The fruit and vegetables sold on market stalls are the result of a constant process of artificial selection. © Agricultural Research Service, Wikimedia public domain
Artificial selection - 1 Photo