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  • Physics

Vickers hardness index

The Vickers index measures the hardness of a material using a hardness test.

Hardness is the ability of a material to oppose the penetration of a hard body, which is why the hardness test consists in making an imprint on the sample using a penetrator subjected to a known force.

The test consists in applying a force F (in newtons) to a square-based diamond pyramid with a 136° vertex. The pressure must be maintained for 15 s before measuring the diagonal of the square form of the imprint produced in the material by the pyramid. A formula is then used to give the value of the Vickers hardness index.



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