Vitamin B9is also calledfolic acid and is involved in the metabolism of proteins (amino acids) and genetic material. According to the French Health Safety Agency (AFSSA), "it is involved in the synthesis of neurotransmitters which play a fundamental role in brain and nerve metabolism".
Vitamin B9 deficiency in pregnant women
The consequences of folic acid deficiency in pregnant women may be dramatic, with developmental abnormalities in maternal tissues, abnormal foetal development, and extremely serious malformations (spina bifida, anencephaly), growth retardation and increased risk of prematurity. It is therefore important to supplement folic acid before and during pregnancy.
Sources of vitamin B9
Vitamin B9 can be found in dark leafed green vegetables (Swiss chard, spinach) and fruit. It is also found in smaller amounts in cheese, eggs, liver, bread, and potatoes.
Spinach, a source of vitamin B9. DR Credits