Non-selective, monoamine oxidase inhibitor.
The non-selective monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI) were amongst the first antidepressants to be developed, in the 1950s. They are now very rarely prescribed because of their side effects and the dietary restrictions that they require. On the other hand the so-called selective MAOIs have fewer risks of side effects.
How do the non-selective monoamine oxidase inhibitors work?
Neurotransmitters (dopamine, adrenaline, noradrenaline and serotonin) are metabolised by a specific enzyme, monoamine oxidase. The monoamine oxidase inhibitors (or the MAOIs) block this enzyme and therefore allow larger amounts of serotonin and noradrenaline to remain available. The non-selective MAOIs block both types of monoamine oxidase, A and B. The selective inhibitors only act on monoamine oxidase type A.
Do they have contraindications or precautions?
The non-selective MAOIs are hardly used any more. They are very restricting as they interact with all foods which are rich in tyramine: chocolate, beer, wine, smoked foods, fermented cheeses, offal, bananas .... In addition, they are contraindicated in combination with other treatments such as the antihypertensives, anaesthetics and morphine analgesics. On the other hand, the risk of dietary and therapeutic interactions is considerably lower with the selective MAOIs. Hypotension, hypertension, and insomnia may however occur. This type of treatment must not be used in combination with other antidepressants such as the tricyclic antidepressants or serotonin reuptake inhibitors. Finally, like all of the antidepressants, tricyclics must be taken strictly according to the doctor's prescription. Follow the doses, do not use in combination with other medicines unless specifically instructed, do not take with alcohol.
- Vidal 2010, Le Dictionnaire
- Mc Gill University website, accessed on 25 May 2011
The MAOIs, the old antidepressants. © Phovoir
Non-selective, monoamine oxidase inhibitor. - 1 Photo