It is usually detected by chance as it has no specific symptoms. In reality everything depends on the concentration.
Causes of hyperkalaemia
Hyperkalaemia has many causes The most common include:
Treatments of hyperkalaemia
The aim of treatment above all is to avoid a cardiac arrest. Various treatments are used.
- Calcium gluconate: calcium has a potassium antagonising effect. This is short-acting, however, and the injection needs to be repeated regularly;
- An injection of insulin through an infusion of a glucose solution. Glucose needs potassium to enters cells. The potassium is then taken up by the cells rather than remaining in the blood circulation;
- Administration of betamimetics…
When hyperkalaemia is very serious and is immediately life-threatening, haemodialysis is used to cleanse the blood.
A blood sample is needed to measure the potassium concentration in blood. Hyperkalaemia exists if the concentration is over 5 mmol/L. © Newbitrh35, Flickr, cc by nc 2.0