Cystoscopy is an investigation of the uterus and bladder, performed through the natural urinary tract. It is performed in a hospital by a urologist.
Cystoscopy- the process
Cystoscopy is indicated if a person has been found, for example, to have blood in their urine. It can also be requested for repeated urinary infections or in people with a past history of bladder cancer. Doctors can use cystoscopy to diagnose the reason for some urinary problems, or monitor the progression of diseases such as a polyp or cancer.
The investigation procedure
A very thin tube with a lens connected to a light source and camera - the cystoscope or fibroscope - is introduced into the urethral channel under local anaesthesia. This allows the internal wall of the bladder to be observed by direct vision or using staining techniques.
Possible risk of cystoscopy
The investigation carries a risk of infection. The body can be infected by a bacterium, a virus, fungus or parasite. It is therefore performed in hospital under strict aspetic conditions.
- Public Hospitals Health Service, Henri Mondor hospital, Department of Urology, 16 August 2006;
- Vulgaris Medical, 28 December 2010.
Cystoscopy is particularly performed to identify possible bladder cancer. © hakan çorbacı, Fotolia