The antiepileptics are medicines which are intended to reduce or abolish the frequency or severity of epileptic attacks. The seizures which occur in this condition are caused by abnormal, uncontrolled, electrical discharges. They occur in the cortical grey matter of the brain, and temporarily interrupt the normal functioning of the brain. There are several families of antiepileptics. All act on the symptoms of the disease.
The latest generation of antiepileptics includes:
The main first and second generation antiepileptics are older but most are still very widely used. These are:
You should be aware that the response of these medicines may differ considerably between patients. For this reason, some patients are prescribed combinations of medicines.
- Merck Manual, 4th edition
- Institute for pharmaceutical and biological sciences –
- Lyon Faculty of Pharmacy
Many combinations of medicines can be used to treat epilepsy. © Phovoir