A microclimate refers to all of the meteorological conditions in a small geographic area that differ from the general climate of the zone in question. These special local characteristics are generally due to local topographic, geological and hydrological characteristics.
The nature of a rock, the slope and exposure of an environment, its humidity and exposure to the elements can in fact create a local environment which is radically different from its surrounding environment. This type of environment then contains particular types of flora and fauna that are typically found in other climates.
A cliff generally has microclimates influenced by the nature of the rock, the sunshine and the exposure of the cliff, and water reserves of the substrate. The north and south sides of a cliff generally have different flora for this reason. © *Pascal* CC by 2.0