The thale cress, or Arabidopsis thaliana, is a model organism studied in biology laboratories.
The thale cress is a plant, an eukaryotic organism that belongs to the Brassicaceae family.
The thale cress is a plant that can grow to heights of 20 to 25 centimetres, forming a rose of leaves at its base. It forms white flowers on its stems, which produce siliqua each containing about fifty seeds.
It has a linear double strand DNA genome, of 157 million base pairs shared over five chromosomes (which have been entirely sequenced since 2000). It multiplies relatively quickly, and only takes six to eight weeks to complete a cycle.
The thale cress is a perfect model organism, since it presents all of the advantages required for laboratory use (small size, quick and numerous multiplication, small genome). This plant can also be easily transformed using of an agrobacteria (Agrobacterium tumefaciens).
Thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana) is a small plant in the mustard family (Brassicaceae). © Biopix via eol.org, CC by-nc