Agroforestry is the integration of trees and forestry techniques with agriculture and the rural landscape. This technique is ancient (hedged farmland, livestock grazing in forests, etc.) and is intended to diversify operations by taking advantage of the synergies created.
For example, land planted with fruit trees, such as orchards in Normandy, produces forage and can be used to raise livestock while producing fruit as well. Cattle can take advantage of the shade provided by the trees while their excrement fertilises them.
Red cows in an orchard, an example of traditional agroforestry. © TitTornade CC by-sa