Citrate or citric acid is a biological molecule with the equation C6H8O7.
Role of citrate
Citrate is found in all living organisms as it is involved in the Krebs cycle (or citrate) cycle that produces energy.
Use of citrate
Citrate is a tricarboxylic acid which is highly acidic (it is found in particularly large amounts in lemons). Because of this property citrate is used for:
- as an acidifier and acidity corrector in the farming and foods industry under the name E330;
- in medicine as an anticoagulant and cosmetic;
- but also as a tartar removing and anti-rusting agent.
Citrate is very widely used in the farming and foods industry. © Benjah-bmm27, Wikimedia, public domain